Speech and language therapy provides treatment, support and care for children and adults who have difficulties with communication, or with eating, drinking and swallowing. Speech and language therapists (SLTs) are allied health professionals. The approach used varies depending on the disorder. It may include physical exercises to strengthen the muscles used in speech (oral-motor work), speech drills to improve clarity, or sound production practice to improve articulation.SLPs may help kids build skills by working with them one-on-one, in small groups, or in the classroom. SLPs can help with articulation problems such as not speaking clearly and making errors in sounds, with fluency problems such as trouble with the flow of speech, or stuttering.
Speech therapy can improve overall communication. This makes it possible for people with autism to improve their ability to form relationships and function in day-to-day life. Specific goals of speech therapy include helping the individual with autism
Speech and language therapy is, in summary, the process of enabling people to communicate to the best of their ability. Speech and language therapists assess the nature of the client’s problem, and then provide treatment, advice and support. They also work closely with families, carers and members of other professions including doctors, physiotherapists and teachers.
Some speech and language therapists also work with people who have eating and swallowing difficulties, as well as communication problems. Most speech and language therapists work in NHS hospitals or clinics but some work in independent practice, in research and education, or in schools.